Anakin and Padme are having a picnic when they start discussing systems of government. Anakin thinks that occasionally, politicians should be made to agree, whereas Padme values democracy above progress.
Chancellor Palpatine is given emergency dictatorial powers by the Galactic Senate to build an army to fight the Republic's enemies. Before these powers were established, he could not legally do so. This army will eventually be used to wipe out the Jedi.
Emperor Palpatine formally announces his plans to turn the representative Galactic Republic into the autocratic Galactic Empire. He also announces his plans to wipe out the Jedi, and lies by claiming they were plotting to destroy the Republic.
John Adams gives an impassioned speech in which he states his hope for a free republic that is governed by laws and not men. He states to the other delegates that they have a unique opportunity to choose a system of government for themselves and future generations. Adams believes it is now time to revolt against the British Empire. After the speech, several other delegates show their support for his case.