Phil explains and illustrates Newton's first law of motion and angular momentum using a 20 kg weight. In the experiment, they are having trouble spinning the weight fast enough. They eventually spin it fast enough that it doesn't topple over immediately.
Phil conducts an experiment in which he tries to spin a pencil on its tip. He fails initially but is successful after sticking it through a circle of cardboard. He explains why it works and mentions the "smart" way to describe the phenomenom: the conservation of angular momentum.