Adam examines the population of the Americas on the eve of European voyages of exploration. He also clarifies misconceptions around the living situation of Native American tribes; some lived in organized settlements.
English colonists, including John Smith and John Rolfe, arrive on new land via the Chesapeake Bay and are greeted by curious onlookers who are native to the land. This land will eventually become the Colony of Virginia. This scene foreshadows the end of the ancient civilization, the Powhatan.
Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia is elected as Pope Alexander VI. This clip depicts a pivotal conclave: Pope Alexander will guide the Catholic Church at the outset of the Age of Exploration and confirm Spain's claims of sovereignty in new realms.